Animations

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This page is a part of the Custom Track Tutorial. Back to the main tutorial page.

Introduction

This page will teach you how to create custom animations for your textures and models using BrawlBox.

Model Animation (CHR0)

Yet to be done

Texture Animation (SRT0)

Creating a new SRT0 animation

To create a new SRT0 animation, open your BRRES file in BrawlBox.

  1. Go to Edit → New → Texture Animation. A new SRT0 file will be created in the AnmTexSrt(NW4R) folder. You can rename this file anything you like, although Nintendo usually names them the same name of the MDL0 file (if this is in your course_model.brres, the file can be named course or coursen with n being a number for each additional SRT0 file).
  2. The version of the SRT0 file must be 5, or else your game will freeze. The frame count is the total amount of frames your animation will have; remember Mario Kart Wii runs at 60 frames per second. Loop can be set to true or false; a looped animation will cycle endlessly and a non-looped one will only play once.
  3. Add a new material reference to the SRT0 by right clicking it or pressing Ctrl+N. Name this new reference the same name of the material you want to animate. You can add as many materials as you like to one file, but all of them will have the same amount of frames. You can create new SRT0 files if you want different amount of frames, or a non-looped animation on a different material.
  4. Add a new texture reference to the material in the SRT0 by right clicking it or pressing Ctrl+N. To create the animations, you must set positions, rotations or scale for each key frame:
    1. Scale defaults to 1x1. If you have the X scale set to 1 in frame 0 and the X scale set to 2 in frame 150, the texture will scale itself on the X axis from 1 to 2 times on the course of the frames. This overrides the scale set in the material. If 150 is the last frame, the texture will instantly scale back to 1 on the next frame, so for a smooth scale you must set it to decrease back to 1 on another key frame.
    2. Translation is what you'll likely be working with the most on SRT0 animations. A translation of 1 on either X or Y axis means the texture will move itself one time in that axis. If on key frame 0, the Y translation is set to 0, on frame 100, the Y translation is set to 3, and on frame 200, the Y translation is set to -2, the texture will move itself three times towards the Y axis on the first 100 frames, and then backwards 5 times from frame 100 to 200.
    3. Rotation is difficult to work with, unless you know what you're doing while UV mapping. It ranges from 0 to 360 degrees.
  5. To set a key frame, simply navigate to the frame you want and set a number in one of the boxes. The set value in the key frame will turn yellow. To unset it, remove everything from the box (leave it blank) and press Enter.

Port an existing SRT0 animation

Video Tutorial

To port an existing animation, such as water, you will need to first export a base SRT0. First, extract a Nintendo track's SZS and then export the course_model.brres, then open it in BrawlBox. Then find AnmTexSrt(NW4R) and open it and export the SRT0 file. Next go into the MDL0, and go into the materials folder and find the water's material. Export that material. Then click on the material and look which shader it is linked to. This is important, because layered materials need a different shader than normal materials (otherwise they skip the Shader steps). Export that shader. Then go to the textures folder and export the textures with the same names as the references (I.E. yo_wave_tex, ef_prj_glow) as a TEX0 file. Then open your course_model with BrawlBox. First right click on the BRRES and go to Import then Texture Animation. Import the SRT0 you exported earlier. Then open the MDL0 and go to materials and find your water. Now import the material we exported earlier. Add a new Shader and replace it with the one you extracted before; make sure the order of the materials is set properly, as specified here

Linking a material to shader

Import the TEX0 textures you took from the base. Make sure they link to the references in the material. You can delete the old one after that.

Linking a texture to reference

Then copy the material name and rename the SRT0 entry to the same thing.

Rename the SRT0 entry to the name of the texture name you copied down from MDL0 → Materials

Save and import back into your SZS.

Texture Pattern (PAT0)

PAT0 files control swapping textures, like a GIF. It swaps through textures to simulate animation. You can use BrawlBox or Wiimms SZS Tools to edit PAT0; similarly to how it handles KMP files, Wiimms Tools convert a PAT0 to text and back.

Importing Textures

Open up your copy of Brawlbox and open your course_model.brres.

Pat0-anim-tut-brres-imported.png

Right-click the image of the BRRES file in BrawlBox. If you have a folder with all your textures, click Import → Folder and browse for the folder. If not, click Import → Texture and import them one by one. Make sure they have the correct Image Format.

Creating a new PAT0 animation

Once done importing new textures in Brawlbox, you'll want to create a new PAT0 animation by Right-Clicking the BRRES image and clicking New → Texture Pattern.

Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-pat.png

Go into AnmTexPat(NW4R) and click on NewPAT. Change the version number to 4. This is necessary because Mario Kart Wii uses a different version PAT0 than Super Smash Brothers Brawl.

Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-pat-version-4.png

You are free to rename the PAT0 to a different name. This will not affect the actual animation.

Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-pat-rename-pat0.png

Set the FrameCount, as this dictates how long each texture will be on screen.

  • NOTE! Depending on how many textures you have, this number will be different. For example, If I have 5 textures I want to animate, I'd need 60 frames, because texture 5 needs frames also, or else the animation will skip the fifth texture and go to the first (if you have it set to loop, if not, it'd just stop).

Creating and Linking Entries

Now we'll get into the actual animating. To start off, right click the newly created PAT0 and click "New Entry".

Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-entry-create-ent.png

Click the + and you should see a node called "NewNode". Now, go into the MDL0 (it should be in 3DModels(NW4R)) Now go into MDL0 → Materials. You should see some materials. Find the one that has your texture first texture. Copy down the Material's name.

Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-ent-mdl0-material-node.png

Go back to your PAT0 animation and rename the "NewNode" to the Material Name. This will link the Animation entry to the texture.

Pat0-anim-tut-create-ent-rename-ent.png

Now open the entry and Texture0. You should see a node called "NewTexture". Rename it to the actual texture name.

Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-ent-newtex-rename.png

Take notice of the Option "Key". This dictates when the texture will start.

Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-entry-key-tex.png

Now, right-click "Texture0" and click "New Entry". Do this for how many textures you have for animation. Rename those to the correct texture name.

Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-entry-new-tex0-ent.png

Set the Key Frame Start for each one.

Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-entry-key-2.png
Pat0-anim-tut-create-new-entry-key-3.png

Save the BRRES and import it to your SZS. Test in-game to see if your animation works.

Color Sequence (CLR0)

Yet to be done

Links